India’s Defence Diplomacy In Peace Time To Build Defence Capabilities (Study Case: Quad)


  • KBG Sumudu Madutharanga1 Republic of Indonesian Defence University
  • Fauzia Gustarina Cempaka Timur Republic of Indonesian of Defence University
  • Surachman Surjaatmadja Republic of Indonesian of Defence University



India's Defence Diplomacy, Strategic Partnership, QUAD Collaboration, Defence Capability Building, Geopolitical Complexities.


This study delves into the nuanced landscape of India's defense diplomacy, emphasizing its engagement in the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) as an interesting case study. QUAD serves as a platform for collaborative efforts aimed at fostering regional security and stability. Against the backdrop of geopolitical complexities and evolving global dynamics, India's peacetime defense diplomacy within QUAD unfolds as a multifaceted endeavor. This study aims to understand the diplomatic initiatives and policy frameworks used by India to strengthen its defense capabilities through strategic collaboration with QUAD partners that include joint military exercises, technology transfer, information sharing agreements and economic partnerships. This research uses qualitative research methods with a case study method to analyse India's defence diplomacy within the Quad framework. India's defense diplomacy within QUAD during peacetime has had a positive impact on its defense capabilities. Strategic alignment with broader national security objectives, technological advancements, strengthened regional security and economic resilience demonstrate the effectiveness of the QUAD framework. Nonetheless, challenges such as military asymmetry and geopolitical complexity remain, necessitating sustained efforts to enhance the effectiveness of defense diplomacy within QUAD. Sustained joint efforts and coordination of strategic objectives will be key for India to maximize its benefits and strengthen its position as a key player in the evolving Indo-Pacific security landscape.


Bátora, J. (2005). Public diplomacy of small and medium-sized states: Norway and Canada. Discussion Papers in Diplomacy, 97, 1–26.

Buchan, P. G., & Rimland, B. (2020). Defining the Diamond: The Past, Present, and Future of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. Center for Strategic and International Studies, March, 1–16.

D’Ambrogio, E. (2021). The Quad: An emerging multilateral security framework of democracies in the Indo-Pacific region. European Parliamentary Research Service, March, 1–12.

High Commission of India Canberra. (n.d.). Australia Relations.

Huda, I. M., Nazrif, M., & Mohd, B. (2022). Defence Diplomacy As Statecraft : Projecting Malaysia ’ S Middle Pow Er in the Post Cold War Era. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(5), 562–574.

Japan Institute of International Affairs. (2013). Japan-India-US Trilateral Strategic Dialogue on Security Issues in the Indo-Pacific Region Principal points of consensus in Trilateral Dialogue. 1–6.

John Schaus. (n.d.). Stability in the Indo-Pacific An Australia-India-U.S. Trilateral Perspective.

Kurita, M. (2023). Japan - India Security Cooperation : Progress Without Drama.

Nathan, A. J., & Scobell, A. (2012). How China sees America. In Foreign Affairs (Vol. 91, Issue 5).

Nuswantoro, B. S. (2020). Aliansi Negara Komunis dan Fundamentalis Agama dalam Melindungi Posisi Nicolas Maduro dari Tekanan Politik Internasional Negara Barat. Nation State Journal of International Studies Vol. 3 No. 1, 60-71.

Roby Thomas. (2021). Indian Defence Diplomacy (Issue 74).

Scott, D. (2012a). India and the allure of the “Indo-Pacific.” International Studies, 49, 165–188.

Scott, D. (2012b). The “Indo-Pacific”-new regional formulations and new maritime frameworks for US-India strategic convergence. Asia-Pacific Review, 19(2), 85–109.

Sodha, D. (n.d.). A critical logistics agreement with Canberra.

Stenek, A. (2022). Toward a Quadrilateral Intelligence Sharing Network? Thediplomat.Com.

The Quad in the Indo-Pacific: What to Know. (n.d.) Retrieved May 26, 2023, from

Wenas Inkiriwang, F. (2021). Multilateral Naval Exercise Komodo: Enhancing Indonesia’s Multilateral Defence Diplomacy? Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 40(3), 418–435.




How to Cite

KBG Sumudu Madutharanga1, Fauzia Gustarina Cempaka Timur, & Surachman Surjaatmadja. (2024). India’s Defence Diplomacy In Peace Time To Build Defence Capabilities (Study Case: Quad). International Journal Of Humanities Education and Social Sciences, 3(5).



Social Science