Empowering Education: Unveiling Effective Strategies in School Principal Supervision to Enhance Teacher Professionalism

Authors

  • Novelina Andriani Zega Universitas Nias
  • Nathanael Sitanggang Postgraduate Manajemen Pendidikan State University of Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v3i5.829

Abstract

The world of education is evolving rapidly, both in terms of technology, teaching methodology, and educational theory. In response to these changes, teachers need to continue to develop their competences to remain relevant and effective in educating students. Teachers are often faced with different contextual challenges, such as large classrooms, students with diverse backgrounds, or less supportive learning environments. Developing teachers' competences can help them cope with these challenges better. This study aims to reveal the principal's leadership strategy in improving teacher professionalism. This research uses a mixed method approach, data sources include all teachers while data collection through interview techniques and documentation. The analysis uses continuous participatory techniques, through the stages of data collection, reduction, presentation, and conclusion drawing. This research used a mixed method with a descriptive qualitative approach. The research data obtained through the research conducted is by using the methods and instruments that the researcher determined on the previous page. This research instrument uses a questionnaire with data analysis techniques to describe the level of principal supervision in improving teacher competence in carrying out learning process activities. The results showed that the principal's strategy in improving teacher professionalism is by conducting training, teacher evaluation meetings, classroom supervision, motivating teachers, giving rewards and giving punishments, and through participatory leadership styles. The success of education cannot be separated from the principal's efforts as a leader in directing and motivating teachers, encouraging and conducting curriculum development training, classroom management strategies, the purpose of this training is to improve teacher professionalism as a behavior change in learning carried out in the classroom. In essence, the success of a leader when applying the form of leadership in life with the principles of time management and work time discipline as a priority scale in realizing maximum performance results. In academic supervision activities, principals guide teachers in compiling syllabi for each field of development at school or subjects at school based on content standards, competency standards and basic competencies usually in a school meeting.

References

Akhmad, F., Rosana, O. D., Adli, A. A. W., Damanik, N. K., & Ulhaq, K. D. (2021). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah pada Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional. Al Hikmah: Journal of Education, 2(2), 169–180. https://doi.org/10.54168/ahje.v2i2.40

Alghamdi, F. (2018). Total Quality Management and Organizational Performance: A Possible Role of Organizational Culture. International Journal of Business Administration, 9(4), 186. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v9n4p186

Ali, Dr. M., Manzoor, M., Fatima, Dr. M., Iqbal, S. M. S., Maqbool, R., & Masood, M. A. (2022). Evaluation of Awareness of Scope of Physical Therapy Field amongst Intermediate Pass Students. Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy, 6(7), 400–409. https://doi.org/10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i07.007

Al-Otaibi, S. A., Yusof, S. M., & Ismail, W. K. (2019). The Influence of Organisational Culture on Students’ Satisfaction in Saudi Arabia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Bangkok. https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?q=The+Influence+of+Organisational+Culture+on+Students%E2%80%99+Satisfaction+in+Saudi+Arabia&hl=en&as_sdt=0&as_vis=1&oi=scholart

Andrea, N. (2018). Examination of Teachers’ Attitude towards Open Performance Appraisal on Pupils’ Academic Achievement in Public Primary Schools in Serengeti District, Tanzania. 2.

Arifudin, O. (2020). Manajemen Perguruan Tinggi Era Revolusi 4.0 Dalam Meningkatkan Daya Saing Perguruan Tinggi Nasional.

Avando Bastari, Adi Bandono, & Okol Sri Suharyo. (2021). The development strategy of smart campus for improving excellent navy human resources. Global Journal of Engineering and Technology Advances, 6(2), 033–043. https://doi.org/10.30574/gjeta.2021.6.2.0011

Barrero-Fernández, B., Mula-Falcón, J., & Domingo, J. (2023). Educational constellations: A systematic review of macro-networks in education. International Journal of Educational Management, 37(1), 259–277. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-09-2022-0339

Bassey Ubong. (2016). Insecurity And Girl-Child Education In Nigeria. https://doi.org/10.5281/ZENODO.221379

Bawamenewi, A., Nathanael Sitanggang, & Nasrun. (2022). Higher Education Management in Academic Service to FKIP Student Satisfaction. Indonesian Journal Of Educational Research and Review, 5(3), 624–630. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijerr.v5i3.56102

Elfrida, D., Santosa, H., & Soefijanto, T. A. (2020). Pengaruh Kompetensi Guru dan Implementasi Kurikulum Asing Terhadap Kinerja Guru di Sekolah Internasional Jakarta Utara. Tadbir : Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 4(1), 53. https://doi.org/10.29240/jsmp.v4i1.1358

Elizabeth A. Foreman, & Michael S. Retallick. (2013). Using Involvement Theory to Examine the Relationship between Undergraduate Participation in Extracurricular Activities and Leadership Development. Journal of Leadership Education. https://journalofleadershiped.org/jole_articles/using-involvement-theory-to-examine-the-relationship-between-undergraduate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-leadership-development/

Elizabeth, O. A., & Onyango, Y., John M. (2022). Principals’ Building Collaborative Cultures on Academic Performance of Secondary Schools in Kisumu County. Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy, 6(7), 419–426. https://doi.org/10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i07.009

Fitria, Y. M. (2019). Permasalahan Dalam Pelaksanaan Supervisi Pendidikan Terkait Sumber Daya Guru Di Sekolah [Preprint]. INA-Rxiv. https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/86trj

Gatsakou, C., Bardis, N., & Drigas, A. (2021). Role playing vs RPGs as teaching strategies in educational procedure. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 26, 186–193. https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v26i1.4896

Haitao, Y. (2019). The Dilemma and Innovative Countermeasure of Student Archives Management in Higher Vocational Colleges. Education Research Frontier. http://222.198.130.40:81/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=7100711751

Hanafiah, M. A. (2017). Supervisi Dalam Administrasi Pendidikan. 14(1).

Jomocan, C. O., & Legaspi, M. J. B. (2021). Context Clues Knowledge and Reading Comprehension Skills of Grade 10 Students. 2(1).

Khattab, F. (2018). Developing a Service Quality Model for Private Higher Education Institutions in Lebanon. GATR Journal of Management and Marketing Review, 3(1), 24–33. https://doi.org/10.35609/jmmr.2018.3.1(4)

Kurniawan, R. Y. (2016). Identifikasi Permasalahan Pendidikan Di Indonesia Untuk Meningkatkan Mutu Dan Profesionalisme Guru.

Lee, T. T. (2022). Leadership for inclusive online learning in public primary schools during COVID-19: A multiple case study in Hong Kong. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 174114322211353. https://doi.org/10.1177/17411432221135310

Lu, L. (2022). Analysis of College Student Archives Management Based on Cultural Education. Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy, 6(7), 383–387. https://doi.org/10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i07.005

Lubis, R. L., & Pusparani, A. (2022). What Do University Students Know About SDG4 Quality Education? A Case Study of Business Management Education at Telkom University Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Indonesia, 22(1), 103. https://doi.org/10.25124/jmi.v22i1.3930

Maisarah, I. (2019). Pemilihan Strategi Pembelajaran Bahasa yang Efektif dan Tepat pada Pendidikan Dasar sebagai Wujud Implementasi Kurikulum 2013.

Njoroge, D. J. K. (2018). University Students Speak Out: A Comparative Study on Performance by Gender in Selected Science and Technology Programmes in Kenyan Universities. 2.

Nurani, R. T., & Sarino, A. (2017). Peran Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dan Motivasi Kerja Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 2(1), 298. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpm.v2i1.14613

Oluwadamilola, O., Akinyemi, O., & Adediran, O. (2018). Human capital development and inclusive growth: Implications for achieving SDG-4 in Nigeria. 32(1).

P. N, D. S. (2019). The Influence of Quality of Service, Facilities and Location of Customer Satisfaction. Prosiding ICOGISS 2019: International Confrence On Governance Innovation And Social Sciences, 910–919. https://doi.org/10.32528/pi.v0i0.2553

Pratiwi, E. W., & Roesminingsih, E. (2022). Supervisi Akademik Untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Sekolah Dasar. 10.

Sadry, A. M. (2022). The Tendency of Faculty Members to the Organizational Culture based on Denison Model: A Case Study of Kunduz University. 2(1).

Sang, D. J. K. (2018). School Leaders Dynamics on Implementing Strategic Plans: Assessing Kenyan Public Secondary Schools. 2.

Sarkinfada, H., & Kanoma, H. G. (2022). Parental Background and Academic Performance of Primary School Pupils in Maru Local Government. Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy, 6(8), 437–444. https://doi.org/10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i08.002

Schulz, D., Der Woud, A. V., & Westhof, J. (2020a). The best indycaster project: Analysing and understanding meaningful YouTube content, dialogue and commitment as part of responsible management education. The International Journal of Management Education, 18(1), 100335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2019.100335

Schulz, D., Der Woud, A. V., & Westhof, J. (2020b). The best indycaster project: Analysing and understanding meaningful YouTube content, dialogue and commitment as part of responsible management education. The International Journal of Management Education, 18(1), 100335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2019.100335

Somech, A., & Wenderow, M. (2006). The Impact of Participative and Directive Leadership on Teachers’ Performance: The Intervening Effects of Job Structuring, Decision Domain, and Leader-Member Exchange. Educational Administration Quarterly, 42(5), 746–772. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X06290648

Stukalo, N., & Lytvyn, M. (2021). Towards Sustainable Development through Higher Education Quality Assurance. Education Sciences, 11(11), 664. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110664

Thaha, H., & Mahmud, H. (2021). Model Supervisi Akademik Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru. 6.

Thuy, N. T. B. (2022). Factors Affecting Work Motivation. 2(1).

Walean, R., & Koyongian, Y. (2022). Analisis Gaya Kepemimpinan Situasional Kepala Sekolah. Jurnal Bahana Manajemen Pendidikan, 11(1), 65. https://doi.org/10.24036/jbmp.v11i1.116867

Winarto, M. (2018). The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Team Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Psychological Safety. Proceedings of the 1st Economics and Business International Conference 2017 (EBIC 2017). 1st Economics and Business International Conference 2017 (EBIC 2017), Medan, Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.2991/ebic-17.2018.69

Yang, F. (2020). On the Innovative Practice Path of College Students’ Archives Work. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 08(12), 320–326. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2020.812026

Yusuf, A. (2017). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Supervisi Akademik, dan Motivasi Kerja dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-11

How to Cite

Novelina Andriani Zega, & Nathanael Sitanggang. (2024). Empowering Education: Unveiling Effective Strategies in School Principal Supervision to Enhance Teacher Professionalism. International Journal Of Humanities Education and Social Sciences, 3(5). https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v3i5.829