Managerial Economic Strategies In Improving Micro Business

Authors

  • Ulul Azmi Postgraduate Student of Defense Economics Study Program, Indonesia Defense University Indonesia
  • Sri Murtiana Postgraduate Student of Defense Economics Study Program, Indonesia Defense University Indonesia
  • Guntur Eko Saputro Postgraduate Student of Defense Economics Study Program, Indonesia Defense University Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v3i6.1112

Keywords:

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions, Policy Implementation, Energy Users

Abstract

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions are gases released into the atmosphere from various human activities on earth which cause a greenhouse effect in the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), methane gas (CH4), and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC). Carbon gas as the main pollutant is produced from burning oil, coal and other organic fuels. To reduce this negative impact, each country then ratified the Paris Agreement and committed to keeping the temperature increase to less than 2 degrees Celsius. In this regard, each country targets reducing GHG emissions, especially carbon, within a certain period of time. The Indonesian government has set a target to reduce carbon emissions from all sectors by 2030 by 29 percent with its own efforts or up to 41 percent with funding assistance from abroad. In the 41% reduction target, the government hopes to collaborate with developed countries that have high levels of carbon emissions, through a "carbon trading" mechanism. This research explains the implementation of policies to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions using the Edwards III approach. The indicators are Communication, Disposition, Resources and Bureaucratic Structure. The research method used is qualitative, descriptive analysis type. Data collection through literature study. Data was obtained from e-books, journals and articles

References

Amheka, A., & Higano, Y. (2015). An introduction to regional government in Indonesia to success RAD-GRK program: Literature review of GHG emission trends in Indonesia. Regional Science Inquiry, 7(1).

Ampri, I. (2013). Various Financing Options for Regional Action Plans for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (RAD-GRK): Opportunities & Challenges.National Seminar on Climate Change Financing.

Anggraeni, D. Y. (2015a). DISCLOSURE OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND COMPANY VALUE.Indonesian Journal of Accounting and Finance, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.21002/jaki.2015.11

Anggraeni, D. Y. (2015b). Disclosure of GHG Emissions, Environmental Performance, and Company Value.Indonesian Journal of Accounting and Finance, 12(2).

Ayuvitari, R. S., & Wijayanti, P. (2022). GHG Emission Reduction Potential and Financial Feasibility of Hydrothermal Technology for Waste Processing in Tangerang Regency.Journal of Environmental Science, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.20.1.1-12

Chaerul, M., Dirgantara, G. G., & Akib, R. (2016). PREDICTION OF GREENHOUSE GASSES EMISSION FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE SECTOR IN KENDARI CITY, INDONESIA (Prediction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Waste Sector in Kendari City, Indonesia).Journal of Man and Environment, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18772

Chaerul, M., Febrianto, A., & Tomo, H. S. (2020). Improving the Quality of Calculation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Waste Management Sector using the 2006 IPCC Method (Case Study: Cilacap City).Journal of Environmental Science, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.18.1.153-161

Danar, D., & Wahyu, A. (2019). The Effect of Land Cover Changes on GHG Emissions in Fast Growing Areas in Semarang City.Indonesian Journal of Remote Sensing, 1(1).

Dewa, D. D., & Sejati, A. W. (2019). The Effect of Land Cover Changes on GHG Emissions in Fast Growing Areas in Semarang City.Indonesian Journal of Remote Sensing, 1(1).

EBTKE. (2021).Strategy to Achieve Emission Reduction Targets through the New Category of the 2021 Energy Efficiency Award. Https://Ebtke.Esdm.Go.Id.

EMR. (2020). Inventory of GHG emissions in the energy sector.2020 Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory.

EBTKE Public Relations. (2022).Implementation of the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation regarding Rooftop PLTS. Director General of New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conversion (EBTKE).

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. (2020). Inventory of GHG emissions in the energy sector. In2020 Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory.

Ministry of Energy and Information Technology. (2020). Energy Sector GHG Emission Inventory.2020 Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory.

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. (2016). Energy Sector GHG Emission Inventory Data. InCenter for Data and Information Technology for Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.

KLHK. (2020). 2020 GHG Inventory Report and Monitoring, Reporting, Verification (MPV).Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

Kramawijaya, A. G., & Dewi, K. (2017). Potential for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Activities at PT. XYZ.Journal of Env. Engineering & Waste Management, Vol. 2, No. 1, April 2017: 1-12, 2(1).

Kurnia W., A., Handayani, F. S., & Setyawan, A. (2022). Analysis of GHG Emissions using the LCA method on the Rangkasbitung Interchange Bridge Construction Work.Civil Engineering Matrix, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.20961/mateksi.v10i3.61215

Margono, M., Sudarmanto, K., Sulistiyani, D., & Sihotang, A. P. (2022). Legality of Imposing a Carbon Tax in Tax Regulations.USM LAW REVIEW JOURNAL, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.26623/julr.v5i2.5918

Muryani, M. (2020). Clean production and cooperation models as efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in the industrial sector.Journal of Dialectical Sociology, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.20473/dk.v13i1.2018.48-65

Prasetyo, A. W., & Windarta, J. (2022). Utilization of Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) Technology in Efforts to Support Sustainable Energy Production.Journal of New and Renewable Energy, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.14710/jebt.2022.14509

Purnamasari, E., Sudarno, & Hadiyanto. (2019). Inventory of agricultural sector greenhouse gas emissions in Boyolali Regency.Proceedings of the National Geotics Seminar.

Ramdhani, M., Yani, M., & Ismayana, A. (2019). Analysis of GHG Emissions and Energy Conversion in Castor Oil (Ricinus communis L.) Production using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Method.Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 9(3). https://doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.9.3.680-691

Presidential Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 61 of 2012 calm National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, State Secretariat: Jakarta (2011).

Ridwan, W. (2011). Analysis of Changes in Comfort Levels in Malang City. InAgrisystems Journal (Vol. 4, Issue 1 and

Saputro, G. E., Mahroza, J., & Tarigan, H. (2020). THE IMPACT OF THE MILITARY EXPENDITURE AND SECURITY EXPENDITURE STRUCTURE ON THE SECURITY STABILITY. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v6i3.930

Saputro, G. E., & Suwito, S. (2022). ECONOMIC RESILIENCE IN ASYMMETRIC WARFARE. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity. https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v8i1.1587

Saputro, G. E., Tarigan, H., & Rajab, D. D. A. (2021). THE ROLE OF DEFENSE ECONOMIC IN ECONOMIC GROWTH. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v7i2.1239

Tomo, B. D., & Brunner, I. M. I. (2022). The Effect of Biodiesel on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with the APPLE-GATRIK Application (Case Study of PLTD Talaga, Southeast Sulawesi).Serambi Engineering Journal, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.32672/jse.v7i3.4430

Utaminingsih, W., & Hidayah, S. (2019). Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions through the implementation of intermittent irrigation in irrigated rice fields.Irrigation Journal, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.31028/ji.v7.i2.132-141

Wicaksono, A. P., & Nugroho, A. (2023). Indonesia's Commitment Readiness in the Paris Agreement Through Investment in the New and Renewable Energy Sector.MARTABE, 6(1).

Wieddya, W. (Wieddya), Nugraha, W. D. (Winardi), & Andarani, P. (Pertiwi). (2017). Potential for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Energy Use in Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Production Systems Case Study: PT. Sinarmas Agro Resources and Technology Tbk.Journal of Environmental Engineering, 6(1)

Downloads

Published

2024-06-21

How to Cite

Ulul Azmi, Sri Murtiana, & Guntur Eko Saputro. (2024). Managerial Economic Strategies In Improving Micro Business. International Journal Of Humanities Education and Social Sciences, 3(6). https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v3i6.1112

Issue

Section

Social Science