The Strategy of Housing Rehabilitation and Reconstruction after 2022 Earthquake in Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia

Authors

  • Winda Dwi Aryani Disaster Management Study Program, Faculty of National Security, The Republic of Indonesia Defense University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Sobar Sutisna Disaster Management Study Program, Faculty of National Security, The Republic of Indonesia Defense University, Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v2i5.454

Keywords:

Strategy; Housing Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; Earthquakes; Cianjur, West Java

Abstract

Monday, November 21st, 2022 at 13.21.10 WIB the Cianjur Regency area was rocked by a tectonic earthquake with a magnitude of M-5.6. The epicenter was located in the source zone of an active fault earthquake which had not been mapped before and it was recently identified that the earthquake was caused by the Cugenang Fault. The earthquake resulted in 335 fatalities, 8 people were missing, and 59,889 houses were damaged. After the emergency response steps were taken, further measures taken were post-disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction activities so that community activities could recover quickly, including the recovery of the housing and settlement sector. Therefore, the Government launched a post-disaster recovery program by providing program and budget support for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of housing and settlements. The purpose of this research is to analyze the strategy for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the housing and settlement sector affected by the Cianjur earthquake. This research is a qualitative research with a literature study approach where the data comes from books, journals, regulations, documentation and other literature. The results showed that the strategy for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the housing sector was carried out using two mechanisms, namely 1) stimulant financial assistance for housing repairs carried out in-situ using the community empowerment method and 2) relocating houses affected by disasters which were carried out ex-situ using the contractual method. This research is a qualitative research with a literature study approach where the data comes from books, journals, regulations, documentation and other literature. The results showed that the strategy for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the housing sector was carried out using two mechanisms, namely 1) stimulant financial assistance for housing repairs carried out in-situ using the community empowerment method and 2) relocating houses affected by disasters which were carried out ex-situ using the contractual method. This research is a qualitative research with a literature study approach where the data comes from books, journals, regulations, documentation and other literature. The results showed that the strategy for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the housing sector was carried out using two mechanisms, namely 1) stimulant financial assistance for housing repairs carried out in-situ using the community empowerment method and 2) relocating houses affected by disasters which were carried out ex-situ using the contractual method.

References

Badan Geologi. (November 21, 2022). Analisis Geologi Kejadian Gempa Bumi Merusak di Kabupaten Cianjur, Provinsi Jawa Barat, Tanggal 21 November 2022. Retrieved on February 22, 2023 from https://vsi.esdm.go.id/index.php/gempabumi-a-tsunami/kejadian-gempabumi-a-tsunami/4021-analisis-geologi-kejadian-gempa-bumi-merusak-di-kabupaten-cianjur-provinsi-jawa-barat-tanggal-21-november-2022

BMKG. Dukungan BMKG Dalam Percepatan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi Rumah Terdampak Bencana. Retrieved on February 22, 2023 from https://prosesweb.bmkg.go.id/wp-content/uploads/DUKUNGAN-BMKG-DALAM-PERCEPATAN-REHABILITASI-DAN-REKONSTRUKSI-RUMAH-TERDAMPAK-BEN.pdf

BNPB. (December 12, 2022). Laporan Harian. Retrieved on February 22, 2023 from http://pusdalops.bnpb.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/Laporan-Harian-PUSDALOPS-12122022.docx.pdf

BPBD Kabupaten Cianjur, Rencana Strategis Perubahan Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah Kabupaten Cianjur Tahun 2016 - 2021, BPBD Kabupaten Cianjur, 2019

Cianjur Regent Regulation Number 68 of 2022 concerning Guidelines of Post Disaster Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in Cianjur Regency.

Istijono, B., Ophiyandri, T., Chairisna, D., dan Tadzkia, A. (2016). “Communities’ Satisfaction towards Housing Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Program after September 30, 2009, Earthquake in West Sumatra”. Journal of Construction Engineering Volume 2016, Article ID 2148408, 8 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2148408

Kusmajaya, S., Wulandari, R. (2019). Kajian Risiko Bencana Gempabumi di Kabupaten Cianjur. Jurnal Dialog Penanggulangan Bencana Vol. 10, No. 1 Tahun 2019 Hal. 39-51

Republic of Indonesia Government. Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 24 of 2007 on Disaster Management

Regulation of the Head of National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) Number 17 of 2010 on Guidelines for Post-Disaster Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Regulation of the Head of National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) Number 4 of 2013 on Technical Guidelines for Settlement Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Ophiyandri, T., Amaratunga, RDG dan Pathirage, CP. (2010). Community based post disaster housing reconstruction: Indonesian perspective. University of Salford

Zakaria, Zufialdi. (2008). Identifikasi Kebencanaan Geologi Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Bulletin of Scientific Contribution, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Agustus 2008: 44-56

Downloads

Published

2023-04-23

How to Cite

Winda Dwi Aryani, & Sobar Sutisna. (2023). The Strategy of Housing Rehabilitation and Reconstruction after 2022 Earthquake in Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia. International Journal Of Humanities Education and Social Sciences, 2(5). https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v2i5.454

Issue

Section

Social Science